Bhagavad Gita, Sri Ramakrishna, Swami Vivekananda

Sankhya Philosophy by Swami Vivekananda



The Bhagavad Gita/Vedanta and the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya Yoga (Swami Vivekananda). Kapila

Karma Yoga Course - Master in Bhagavad Gita and Yoga Philosophy

Bhagavad Gita Subject

The Sankhya Philosophy by Swami Vivekananda

  1. Introduction to Sankhya Yoga
  2. Study on Sankhya Philosophy
  3. Kapila: the great father of philosophy
  4. Comparison between Sankhya and Advaita Vedanta
  5. Yoga Philosophy
  6. The Sankhya doctrine by Mahadev Desai

Example of the subject: The Sankhya Philosophy by Swami Vivekananda
The Sankhya Yoga Philosophy and the Bhagavad Gita (Swami Vivekananda) Kapila

The Sankhya Philosophy by Swami Vivekananda. Kapila

Bhagavad Gita in Spanish Filosofía Sankhya por Swami Vivekananda Bhagavad Gita in Portuguese Filosofia Sânquia por Swami Vivekananda.

Samkhya Yoga (a school of dualistic Hindu philosophy) is one of the six main traditions of Hinduism. Sage Kapila is considered to be one of the founders of the Samkhya school. The Sankhya-Karika is the most important reference work of his. Vedanta (Advaita Vedanta school) considered the Samkhya doctrine to be totally opposite to Vedanta.

Samkhya Yoga is extensively analyzed in chapter II- Yoga Knowledge (Sankhya) of the Bhagavad Gita. The Bhagavad Gita managed to harmonize different traditions, including Samkhya Yoga.

Bhagavad Gita II-39 Knowledge (Sankhya Yoga); action (Karma Yoga)
Jnana Karma Sannyasa Yoga

Below are some reflections on Swami Vivekananda's Sankhya philosophy:

According to Sankhya philosophy, “nature is omnipresent, an omnipresent mass of nature, in which are the causes of everything that exists.”

The first manifestation of this Prakriti in the cosmos is what the Sankhya calls “Mahat." «We can call it intelligence: the great principle, its literal meaning. The first change in Prakriti is this intelligence.. It covers all the realms of subconsciousness, consciousness and supraconsciousness”

“There is no philosophy in the world that is not indebted to Kapila. Pythagoras came to India and studied this philosophy, and that was the beginning of the philosophy of the Greeks. He later formed the Alexandrian school and, later, the Gnostic one. It was divided into two; one part went to Europe and Alexandria, and the other remained in India; and from there, the Vyasa system was developed.

Kapila's Sankhya philosophy was the first rational system the world ever saw.

All metaphysicians in the world must pay tribute to him. I want to impress on his mind that we are obliged to listen to him as the great father of philosophy.

Wherever there is any philosophy or rational thought, it owes something to Kapila. Pythagoras learned it in India and taught it in Greece. Later, Plato had an idea of ​​it; and even later the Gnostics took the thought to Alexandria, and from there it reached Europe. So wherever there is any attempt at psychology or philosophy, the great father of it is this man, Kapila.»

«Of all the trees, I am Ashvattha; of the divine sages, Narada; of the heavenly choir, I am Chitraratha; of the perfect ones, I am the ascetic Kapila» Bhagavad Gita X-26.

«I will point out here the difference between Schopenhauer and Indian philosophy. Schopenhauer says that desire, or will, is the cause of everything. It is the will to exist that manifests itself to us, but we deny it. The will is identical to the motor nerves. When I see an object there is no will; when its sensations are carried to the brain, the reaction comes, which says “Do this", or “Don't do this", and this state of ego-substance is what is called will. There cannot be a single particle of will that is not a reaction. So many things precede the will.

It is just something manufactured from the ego, and the ego is a product of something even higher: intelligence, and that again is a modification of the indiscreet nature. That was the Buddhist idea, that all we see is the will. Psychologically it is totally wrong, because the will can only be identified with the motor nerves. If the motor nerves are removed, man has no will at all. This fact, as is perhaps well known to you, has been discovered after a long series of experiments made with the lower animals.»

Swami Vivekananda Vision: Liberating humanity from ignorance (Bhagavad Gita and Vedanta)
The Bhagavad Gita according to Swami Vivekananda

Source: Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Volume 2

Translated by Pedro Nonell

What is Yoga according to the Bhagavad Gita?

Subject taught by the Gita Institute

The rest of this summary on “The Sankhya Philosophy by Swami Vivekananda” (Yoga Philosophy) is only available to students of the Gita Institute

Sankhya philosophy is one of the pillars of both Patanjali's Yoga Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita

Comparison among the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and the Bhagavad Gita

  1. Yoga Shastra: Sutras of Patanjali and Bhagavad Gita
  2. Bhagavad Gita (Shruti) / Yoga Sutras (Smriti)
  3. Yoga Philosophy versus Vedanta
  4. Sutras / Shlokas
  5. Style: Yoga Sutras (intellectual) / Gita (poetry)
  6. Bhagavad Gita (dialogue Krishna-Arjuna) / Yoga Sutras (scientific text)
  7. Repetition technique of the Bhagavad Gita
  8. Length of the Bhagavad Gita / Yoga Sutras Patanjali

Padas Yoga Sutras, or Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali

  1. Samadhi Pada
  2. Sadhana Pada
  3. Vibhuti Pada
  4. Kaivalya Pada

Karma Yoga Course (Philosophy Selfless Action) hands to work (Bhagavad Gita)

Why is it that to the West we talk more about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali (Yoga Philosophy) than about the Bhagavad Gita?




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